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Transport infrastructure in the Mekong Delta will develop dramatically from now to 2030

On the morning of November 25, Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh, Chairman of the Planning Appraisal Council chaired the meeting to appraise the Mekong Delta Master Plan for the period 2021-2030, with a vision to 2050.

Three weeks ago, the draft Master Plan was raised for comments at an online conference of the Mekong Delta Coordinating Council for the period 2021-2025 (on November 3). This is the first of six regional master plans of the country to be completed and submitted to the Appraisal Council.

“Fairly favorable” development, water is the core resource

Pointing out some key points in the planning, the representative of the Planning Consultant – Haskoningdhv (Netherlands) and GIZ (Germany) said that, by 2050, the Mekong Delta will be a sustainable delta, a place worth living and living. work; It is an attractive destination for tourists and investors. The focus of the regional development strategy is “protecting people, improving livelihoods, developing a balance, and protecting the environment”. According to the Consultant, in order to support the transformation of agricultural production, zoning according to salinity into 3 zones (year-round fresh, fresh- brackish transitional zone, saline-brackish zone). Zoning according to agro-ecology into 14 regions, including 6 sub-regions in the year-round freshwater zone, 5 sub-regions in the freshwater-brackish transition zone, and 3 sub-regions in the saline-brackish zone.

The representative of the consulting unit presented some main contents of the draft plan – Photo: VGP/Duc Tuan

On behalf of the agency in charge of planning development, Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Tran Quoc Phuong presented the appraisal report, confirming that the master plan was built in a strict, scientific manner, in accordance with regulations of the Government. legislation, quality assurance.

Deputy Minister Tran Quoc Phuong raised the main contents of receiving and explaining the opinions of members of the Planning Appraisal Council and the Regional Coordinating Council at the previous meetings. Accordingly, the Ministry has clarified the content of the methods applied in the planning process; complementary approach to integrated water resources management.

“Water resource is the core factor, ensuring water source security, food security, proactively adapting, living with floods, inundation, brackish water, salt water, considering salt water and brackish water as a natural resource. nature according to Resolution 120 of the Government”, said Deputy Minister Tran Quoc Phuong.

According to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the agro-ecological zoning and functional zoning of water resources into 3 zones (fresh zone, fresh- brackish transition zone, saline- brackish zone) is in line with the orientation of agricultural restructuring. industry of the Climate Change Adaptation Zone. To do this, it requires a change in thinking and views on management, exploitation and use of water resources and a change in the way in which the irrigation works system is operated in accordance with the transformation of the ecological model. agricultural design in each ecological sub-region.

At the conference, the comments and criticisms, clarified, deepened, showed responsibility and enthusiasm for the planning and development orientation of the Mekong Delta in the coming time.

Deputy Minister of Planning and Investment Tran Quoc Phuong presents the planning appraisal report – Photo: VGP/Duc Tuan

Architect Tran Ngoc Chinh, Chairman of the Vietnam Urban Development Planning Association, said that this first regional planning project explores the initial direction of a regional planning – a very special area in Vietnam. . Mr. Tran Ngoc Chinh gave some additional comments on the structure of the urban area, the spatial organization chart.

Some comments stated that the most important resource is water, so it is necessary to proactively adapt, focus on handling the major bottleneck, which is transport infrastructure, the formation of the logistic axis is as important as the establishment of production hub of the region.

Dr. Dang Kim Son, former director of the Institute of Strategic Policy, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), said that the forecasts show sea level rise, flooding, and saltwater intrusion in the whole region. affect agricultural production; should clarify the extent and handling. He posed the problem of having to adapt or control to the effects of climate change and sea level rise. If it is adapted, it is necessary to increase navigation, need a breakthrough in seaports, and transform production models in the direction of increasing seafood production. If it is to be controlled, it must be proactive in solutions, and learn from models like those of the Netherlands.

Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Thanh Nam agreed with the organization of agricultural space on the basis of oriented dynamic centers. The planning should be distributed according to the production needs of each key commodity industry and the demand for linkages, according to the strengths of each region, and there will be dynamic and coordination centers for regional linkages; if the planning is associated with the administrative unit, it is unlikely to succeed. In addition, the allocation of production areas must be associated with the infrastructure system of roads, waterways, river ports and seaports.

Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Tran Quoc Khanh approved promoting agricultural restructuring instead of “leaving it to heaven” production, especially in the context of climate change. In addition, the Deputy Minister expressed concern about the story that the international route of the products of the Mekong Delta must go through Ho Chi Minh City. In Ho Chi Minh City, while the traffic system is overloaded, highways such as Ho Chi Minh City – Trung Luong – Can Tho are often congested. “Should we promote production but connect to a bottleneck?”, Deputy Minister Tran Quoc Khanh asked. Therefore, promoting the export of fruits and aquatic products is essential to have a seaport commensurate with the development potential of the region, planning roads, hydrological logic associated with seaports.

Breakthrough in development of transport infrastructure

Speaking at the conclusion of the Conference, Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh, Chairman of the Planning Appraisal Council highly appreciated the enthusiastic opinions and responsibility of experts, scientists, council members as well as the efforts of The consulting unit has closely coordinated with ministries, branches and 13 localities in the region to conduct a thorough, careful and scientific research, closely following the views and lines of the Party and Resolution 120 of the Government with the view of developing the Mekong Delta in the direction of “favorable nature”.

The Deputy Prime Minister emphasized the special role and position of the Mekong Delta region, one of the key areas in ensuring national defense and security, socio-economic development, culture and society of the country. The Mekong Delta accounts for 12% of the area and 19% of the population, about 50% of rice production and 95% of rice exports, 65% of aquaculture, 60% of fish exports and 70% of fruits.

For many years, the Party and State have given many priorities, in formulating policies, and mobilizing resources for socio-economic development in the Mekong Delta (in the period 2016-2020, the proportion of the central budget invested in Mekong Delta provinces account for 17%).

Despite achieving many results in development, however, according to the Deputy Prime Minister, the Mekong Delta has not exploited its full potential, investment has not been commensurate with the potential and advantages of the region. In particular, investment in transport infrastructure is not high compared to other regions. Therefore, the early formulation, appraisal and approval for the synchronous implementation of the Mekong Delta Regional Planning has a particularly important role and significance to orient and determine the focus and focus of attracting investment resources. develop on the basis of potentials and advantages of the region.

Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh: The transport infrastructure system of the Mekong Delta will have a breakthrough and outstanding development – Photo: VGP/Duc Tuan

The Deputy Prime Minister requested the lead unit (MPI) and the planning consultancy unit for the Mekong Delta region to pay special attention to the transport infrastructure system, ensuring a synchronous and smooth connection. “In the next period, from now to 2030, the transport infrastructure system of the Mekong Delta will have a breakthrough and outstanding development”, the Deputy Prime Minister suggested to review and fully update the current transport infrastructure plannings. period 2021-2030, with a vision to 2050 (including road network planning, railway, seaport, airport, airport, inland waterway) into the Mekong Delta region planning.

Specifically, prioritizing the development of the region’s strategic expressway system. In the immediate future, from now to 2025, investment in Can Tho – Ca Mau expressways will be implemented; Soc Trang – Chau Doc – Can Tho – Tran De (about 400 km). At the same time, expanding Can Tho International Airport, investing and effectively exploiting the system of coastal roads, seaports (including Tran De Port) and waterway traffic, aviation infrastructure, the system of airports and railway stations. service – logistics works to reduce logistics costs, effectively support the production, processing and export of agricultural products of the region.

“When there is a synchronous transport system, the contribution of the Mekong Delta will be many times higher than now,” said the Deputy Prime Minister.

At the same time, update the energy infrastructure plans, especially renewable energy, to ensure suitability with the characteristics of each region and region, minimizing investment in transmission lines. The Deputy Prime Minister said that the Government and the Prime Minister are closely directing to finalize and approve the Electricity Master Plan VIII as soon as possible. Accordingly, the power source has been basically arranged in accordance with the characteristics of each region and region. According to calculations, more than 6,600 km of transmission lines have been reduced, equivalent to more than 250 trillion VND. The power source structure has been adjusted more appropriately, reducing fossil energy, increasing renewable energy, clean energy, especially there is a plan to increase wind power in the total structure. In the coming time, solar power will not be included in the total system, instead encouraging the development of solar power in the direction of self-production and self-consumption.

Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh also particularly noted that the Mekong Delta Master Plan needs to review and add solutions to respond to climate change and sea level rise. According to the Deputy Prime Minister, the Mekong Delta is one of the most heavily affected areas, thus placing requirements on irrigation systems, combating saltwater intrusion, riverbank – coastal erosion, especially the system of water resources. Lakes, strategic water reserve points, and coastal routes must be focused on both in terms of planning, and in terms of mechanisms and policies to attract investment and development. “This is an extremely important task, if there is no specific solution and proper planning, in the future, the damage will be huge,” noted the Deputy Prime Minister.

In addition, the Mekong Delta Regional Plan also needs to pay attention to the social welfare system (health care, education), conservation, embellishment and development of cultural identity, cultural works, historical relics, and cultural heritages. network. Recalling General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong’s statement at the National Cultural Conference on November 24 that “culture must be put on an equal footing with economy, politics and society”, Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh emphasized. working, preserving and promoting the natural, historical and cultural heritages of each locality and the whole Mekong Delta region, in order to create “soft power” in socio-economic development in general, tourism, and translation services. service in particular.

After this meeting, the Deputy Prime Minister requested the Ministry of Planning and Investment to urgently complete the documents to submit to the Prime Minister for approval in December 2021.

At the same time, proactively develop plans and deploy information and propaganda about the content of the Master Plan to businesses and people right after it is approved by the Prime Minister, both creating consensus and letting people and businesses take ownership. mobilize resources to participate in the implementation of the Master Plan.

Nhat Quang